About Ongole

Ongole is a municipal corporation and an important urban center in the district of Prakasam in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh. Located 148 km away from the 'Business Capital of Andhra Pradesh' Vijayawada (via NH 9) and 331 km away from the 'City of Perals' Hyderabad (via NH 9), Ongole is the central office of Prakasam district.

Ongole City in Andhra Pradesh

Ongole is a historic city that is named in the engraved inscriptions belonging to the rulers of the Pallava dynasty that existed between 3rd century CE - 9th century CE. It is important to mention that the name Ongole reminds of ‘Ongolu Gitta' (a breed of oxen) to the Telugu speaking population living all over the globe. 'Ongolu Gitta' is one among the far-famed humped cattle (Zebu) breeds in the world.

History of Ongole

First things first, Ongole is one of the illustrious ancient towns in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh as the history of the area goes back to 230 BCE. The region played a critical role when the Sathavahanas and Mauryas governed most of the region. Some epigraphs belonging to the Satavahana time period have been recovered in Chinnaganjam village of Prakasam district, close to Ongole. Subsequently, Ongole rose to prominence during the Kakatiya dynasty (1083–1323). Besides, the ancient town is named in the epigraphs belonging to the rulers of the Pallava dynasty as well.

Map of Ongole

Ongole was also governed by Krishnadevaraya, a renowned emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire (1509–1529). The most recent dynasty to govern the area before British people was the Mandapati Dynasty. Ongole has come a long way that today, Ongole is a notable beehive of business activity with a long list of products like cereals, spices, pulses, dairy products and many other products being distributed across the nation.

Geography of Ongole

Ongole is located in the region of coastal Andhra in the eastern part of the Prakasam district. The geographic coordinates of the Ongole city are 15.5°N 80.05°E. The average altitude of the Ongole city is recorded as 33 ft (10 m) above sea level. The urban center of Ongole sprawls over a total area of 40.54 sq mi (105.00 sq. km).

Ongole Tobacco Fields

Ongole urban center is bordered by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the 'Gateway to Rayalaseema' Kurnool in the west, Guntur in the north and Nellore and Cuddapah in the south. Some of the major rivers passing through the city include Munneru, Gundlakamma, Musi and Paleru. Ongole houses an exclusive all-season water supply system, namely 'Enugula Bavi'. The all-season water resource caters the water needs and demands of over 40,000 people throughout the year, irrespective of times of year.

Regarding the weather conditions of Ongole, the summers are very hot and typically avoided by the travelers. Usually, the summer starts from the month of March and the season lasts till the month of June. The average temperature during the summer season in Ongole ranges between 21°C to 35°C.

The month of June brings joy to the people who are involved in the agriculture line of work. The monsoon season in the city of Ongole generally starts from July and lasts until October. Winter season, which is the best time to visit the historic city of Ongole usually starts from November and lasts until February.

Climate Data of Ongole:

Summer: March to June (21°C to 35°C )
Winter: November to February (14°C to 27°C)
North East Monsoons: October to November
South West Monsoons: July to September

Demographic Information of Ongole

Railway Station in Ongole

Population of Ongole (Census 2011): 202,826
Male Population: 101,728
Female Population: 101,098
Child Population (0-6): 18,673
Number of Boys: 9,651
Number of Girls: 9,022
Population Density: 1,900 per sq.km
Average Literacy Rate: 83.57 percent
Number of Literates: 153,888
Male Literates: 82,322
Female Literates: 71,566
Sex Ratio: 994 per 1000 males
Child Sex Ratio: 935 per 1000 boys

Administration in Ongole

During the year 2012, Ongole municipality was upgraded as a municipal corporation, 
with the state government issuing 'G.O. Ms No 28'. Official notification was issued in an extraordinary issue of Andhra Pradesh Gazette on January 25th, 2012. The total area of the Ongole city limit was also expanded from 25 sq.km to 105 sq.km.

Municipal Corporation in Ongole

The neighboring villages of Vengamukkapalem, Koppolu, Narasapuram Agraharam, Pernamitta, Pellur, Cheruvukommupalem were united with the new entity. Due to the elevation, Ongole city is eligible for allotment of additional funds under state and central schemes. The executive wing of the Ongole municipal corporation is led by a municipal commissioner who is assisted by assistant commissioners, engineers and so on.

Municipal Commissioner Ongole
S. Venkata Krishna (As on 16/06/20016)
Phone Number: (+91)8592-233072
Fax: (+91)8592-232189
Mobile Number: (+91)-9849905839
Website: http://ongolemunicipalcorporation.org/

Economy of Ongole

Agriculture and related business is the primary occupation of the population of Ongole. As a matter of fact, Ongole is an important tobacco trading center of Andhra Pradesh. Some of the important crops of Ongole include paddy, maize, millet, cotton, groundnut, black gram, green gram, turmeric, chillies and so on.
Ongole Bull

Several small scale business initiatives in the manufacturing sector like PVC pipes, paints, shoes, pharmaceuticals and so on were set up during the 70s and 80s. Afterwards, the urban center of Ongole witnessed a rapid increase in number of educational institutions and health care facilities in and around the region. The 90s saw the coming of the granite industry. The abundance of black galaxy granite in the nearby town of Chimakurthy has led in the rapid increase in the number of endeavors engaging in granite mining and related activities in and around the city.

Ongole is far-famed for the special breed of bulls that have reached as far as the United States of America, Netherlands, Federative Republic of Brazil, Malaysia, Argentine Republic, Columbia, the Republic of Paraguay, Republic of Fiji, United Mexican States, Republic of Indonesia, the Indies, Republic of Mauritius, Commonwealth of Australia, Indochinese peninsula and the Republic of the Philippines. The impact of export of Ongole bull to various countries across the globe is significant in the economic system of the city.

Tourism in Ongole

Chennakesava Swamy Temple

One of the most prominent cities of Prakasam district, Ongole is incredibly illustrious for its spiritual and religious bequest in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh. The age old urban center is rich with cultural interest as it is apparent from the information that it was referred in the engraved inscriptions of the 3rd century rulers of Pallava dynasty. A trip to Ongole will not be complete without visiting its renowned religious sites. Let's get to know more about the various options for tourism in Ongole.

Sri Kashi Vishweshwara Swamy Temple:
Located just 800 m from the city center of Ongole, Sri Kashi Vishweshwara Swamy Temple is a notable Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Built during the year 1945, Sri Kashi Vishweshwara Swamy Temple is renowned for its mirror hall (Addala Mandapam).
Location: Seetha Ram Puram, Devuni Cheru, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh 523001

Sri Shirdi Sai Baba Mandir

Chennakesava Swamy Temple:
One of the oldest Hindu temples in the region, Chennakesava Swamy Temple was constructed during the 18th century. Dedicated to Lord Vishnu, Lord Vishnu offers his blessings in the form of Chennakesava Swamy along with his consort Goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi. The temple is famous its architectural brilliance as well.
Location: via Gandhi Road - Seetha Ram Puram, Devuni Cheru, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh 523001

Some of the other popular places of interest nearby Ongole include Sri Shirdi Sai Baba Mandir, Kothapatnam Beach, Tangutur, Voderevu Beach and so on.

Quick Facts:

District: Prakasam
State: Andhra Pradesh
Region: Coastal Andhra
Administration: Municipal Corporation
Total Area: 105 sq.km
Altitude: 30 ft above sea level
Languages: Telugu and English
Postal Code: 523 xxx
Telephone Code: (+91)8592

How to Reach?
Nearest Bus Stand: APSRTC Bus Stand, Pandaripuam, Ongole
Nearest Railway Station: Ongole Railway Station (Station Code: OGL)
Nearest Airport: Vijayawada Airport (IATA: VGA, ICAO: VOBZ)
Nearest Seaport: Vodarevu Port

Distance Chart:
Ongole to Hyderabad: 331 km
Ongole to Vijayawada: 148 km
Ongole to Visakhapatnam: 495 km
Ongole to Bengaluru: 511 km
Ongole to Chennai: 302 km
Ongole to Thiruvananthapuram: 1,064 km

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